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Horn of Africa


UN chief Guterres sworn in for second term, vows to learn from pandemic

UN chief Guterres sworn in for second term, vows to learn from pandemiclinkedin sharing button

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Source: AFP, Friday June 18, 2021

UN Secretary-General António Guterres speaks at a news briefing after presenting his disarmament agenda at a conference at the University of Geneva on May 24, 2018 in Geneva. (Photo: Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images)

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres was sworn in Friday for a second term as head of the world body, promising to draw on the lessons of the deadly Covid-19 pandemic.

“Our greatest challenge — and which is at the same time our greatest opportunity — is to use this crisis to turn the tide, pivot towards a world that learns lessons,” the former Portuguese prime minister said as the General Assembly re-appointed him for the 2022-2016 term.advertisements


This, Guterres added, would include promoting a “just, green and sustainable recovery” which shows the way forward “through increased and effective international cooperation to address global issues.”

In office since 2017, Guterres promised to act independently of member states and organizations during the swearing-in ceremony attended by Portuguese President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, the first head of state to set foot in the United Nations building for more than a year because of the pandemic.

Guterres added that it would be essential to “make prevention and preparedness — in the broad sense of the words — a top priority in the international system.”

Speaking at a press conference after the ceremony, Guterres reiterated that “from the many lessons that we learned, the most important lesson is that alone we can do nothing. The most important lesson is that we need to rebuild solidarity and trust.”

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken congratulated Guterres saying his country looked forward to “continuing our strong and constructive relationship” with the secretary-general.

Global issues “require a collaborative, effective, and results-oriented leader in the United Nations secretariat, and we have that in Antonio Guterres,” Blinken added.

The 193-member General Assembly had approved a resolution extending Guterres’ five-year term, rather than taking a vote.

The UN Security Council, at a crucial stage in the nomination process, gave its blessing on June 8 to the reappointment of the 72-year-old, who had previously served as UN High Commissioner for Refugees between 2005 and 2015.

Environmentalists: Demand for Somali Charcoal Fueling Desertification, Drought

Environmentalists: Demand for Somali Charcoal Fueling Desertification, Droughtlinkedin sharing button

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Source: VOA, By Mohamed Kahiye
Friday June 18, 2021
Somali porters offload charcoal from a truck at a charcoal market in Mogadishu, Oct. 30, 2012.
Somali porters offload charcoal from a truck at a charcoal market in Mogadishu, Oct. 30, 2012.

MOGADISHU – Environmentalists are warning that the demand for charcoal in Somalia is fueling desertification and drought. 

The U.N. Convention to Combat Desertification, known as UNCCD, says an estimated 8.2 million trees were cut down for charcoal in Somalia between 2011 and 2017, increasing land degradation, food insecurity, and vulnerability to flooding and drought.

Dr. Abdullahi Emi Mohamed, an expert on the environment, water and climate change, said several parts of the country are experiencing climate-related shocks because of the unprecedented deforestation rate in the past three decades.advertisements


“In many parts of the Hiran and Middle Shabelle region, that is the places we have seen major flooding because of the low capacity of the river channel to carry a large amount of water, and that has clear co-relations with the number of trees,” he said. “Because when the tree is cut, it will be easy for the soil to erode, which ends up into the river. So all these connections can be explained — that the people have cut down the large number of trees that could have sustained the life of the rural people and their animals.”

U.N. Security Council Resolution 2036, adopted in 2012, banned the export of charcoal from Somalia.

Although significant amounts of the charcoal still find their way to the gulf states, the relative peace and stability experienced in Somalia and lifestyle changes are forcing some families — mainly diaspora returnees — to abandon the use of charcoal and firewood.

“Previously, people used to use a lot of charcoal in the city, but as time has passed, people have resorted to using gas because the security has improved,” said gas user Ikram Farah. “And then there is the availability of cooking gas everywhere in towns, so it is much easier to use the gas than the charcoal, because the gas is faster and there is no smoke. And it is safe for the environment, and no more trees are cut.”

UNCCD said countries across the globe are expected to recover 1 billion hectares of land by 2030. The U.N. program’s executive secretary, Ibrahim Thiaw, said his organization helps promote sustainable land management to protect the climate from overuse of land that results in drought.

A spokesperson for Somali Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Moalimu reiterated that cutting down trees for commercial purposes in the country is illegal and urged citizens to preserve the remaining forest cover.

Somali premier appoints committee to probe missing recruits

Somali premier appoints committee to probe missing recruitslinkedin sharing button

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Source: AA, Sunday June 13, 2021

Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble appointed a high-level government commission of inquiry on Saturday to investigate complaints by Somali parents who have not heard from their sons who went to Eritrea.

Ads By GoogleDefense chief Hassan Hussein Haji, Interior Minister Mukhtar Hussein Afrah and Army Chief of Staff Odawa Yusuf Rageh are among those selected to be on the commission.

Somali parents have been protesting in Mogadishu for the past two days, demanding information and to know the whereabouts of their sons.

A UN human rights report, citing credible information, reported that Somali cadets in Eritrea crossed the Eritrean border alongside Eritrean troops to fight in the Tigray region.

Somalia denied reports of Somali troops fighting in the war-torn region.

Anadolu Agency spoke to several parents who are suffering from a lack of information about their sons but some confirmed that they spoke to their children through government communication channels and also via direct telephone calls.

Opposition Wins Somaliland Parliamentary Elections

Opposition Wins Somaliland Parliamentary Elections

 Source: Reuters published on 6 June 2021 an article titled “Somaliland Opposition Win Majority in First Parliamentary Vote since 2005.”

Somaliland opposition political parties–WADDANI and Justice and Welfare–respectively won 31 and 21 parliamentary seats in the 82-member chamber.  The ruling Unity and Development Party won 30 seats.  The two opposition parties said they would join forces.  They also won a majority of the seats in municipal races.  The next presidential vote is scheduled for 2022. 

Labels: electionsMusa Bihi Abdiparliamentpolitical partiesSomaliland

Somaliland at a Crossroads

Somaliland at a Crossroads

 Source: World Politics Review published on 8 June 2021 an analysis titled “Somaliland’s Moment of Reckoning” by Matthew Gordon, University of London.  

The author argues that after 30 years of self-declared independence from Somalia but no international recognition, Somaliland is too well-established to ignore and its people are as devoted to self-determination as ever.  The international community can choose to embrace this reality or maintain its hands-off approach.  

Labels: AUdemocracydiplomatic recognitiongovernanceindependenceSomaliaSomalilandUAE

Somali parents take to streets over ‘missing’ army recruits

Somali parents take to streets over ‘missing’ army recruitslinkedin sharing button

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Source: AA, Thursday June 10, 2021
By Mohammed Dhaysane

Government denies Somali forces fighting in Ethiopia’s Tigray region

Somali parents Thursday staged a protest in the capital Mogadishu, demanding the government disclose the whereabouts of their sons who were taken to Eritrea for military training.

This fresh protest by the parents comes days after a UN human rights report, citing “credible sources”, said that Somali trainees have crossed to the Eritrean border along with the Eritrean forces to fight in Ethiopia’s conflict-hit Tigray region.Ads By GoogleBashir Sheikh Ali, the father of a recruit, told Anadolu Agency in Mogadishu they want the government to explain the recruiting process and the whereabout of their sons.

“Our son was very young and he was told that he was going to Qatar for training. He was told he will be paid well and become an army officer. But he was transferred to Eritrea. Since his departure, we never communicated with him,” Ali said.

“If the government does not have anything to hide, it should tell us if he is alive or dead,” he demanded.

Halima Abdi, one of the protesting parents, told Anadolu Agency that they will continue the protest to pressure the government.

“We are not against our government. We are patriotic citizens, but the way our leaders are behaving right now is unacceptable. We need full information about our sons,” Abdi said.

Some families confirmed they spoke to their sons through the government communication channels.

Somali government reiterates denial

The Somali government Thursday again strongly denied that its forces fought in Tigray region, but confirmed the presence of Somalian forces in Eritrea.

Somali Information Minister Osman Dubbe told a news conference in Mogadishu after the protests: “No Somali soldier is fighting in Tigray, no Somali soldier has been captured in Tigray, and no Somali soldier was in Axum.”

He said Eritrea is training the forces just like other friendly countries who are taking part in rebuilding and strengthening the Somali national army.

The minister accused the political opposition groups of politicizing the country’s defense and security matters.

“In many countries, politicians avoid discussing defense and security matters because it is deemed a supreme national secret. Unfortunately, our politicians have made the politicization of our forces a hobby which is dangerous,” he said.

Somalia’s Puntland moves to ban female genital mutilation

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Source: Reuters, Friday June 11, 2021

GAROWE, Somalia (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Somalia’s semi-autonomous Puntland region has taken a first step towards banning female genital mutilation (FGM) in a country where almost all women and girls are forced to undergo the internationally condemned practice.

Puntland President Said Abdullahi Deni and his cabinet this week approved a bill to be submitted to parliament that would criminalise the ancient ritual, a measure anti-FGM campaigners said would boost their efforts to end the practice.“It will be forbidden to circumcise girls. Girls in Puntland must be left the way they are born. Anyone who performs circumcision in the region will face the full force of the law,” Puntland Justice Minister Awil Sheikh Hamud told reporters.

Justice Ministry officials said the bill includes stiff penalties for those who perform FGM, including hospitals, midwives and traditional circumcisers. No date has yet been set for it to be presented before parliament for a vote.

FGM, which involves the partial or total removal of the female genitalia, is almost universal in Somalia – with 98% of women and girls having been cut, according to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

There is currently no national law outlawing FGM in the Horn of Africa country.

Both Puntland and the breakaway state of Somaliland have issues fatwas – religious edicts – against the practice in the past, but there is no parliamentary legislation is in place.

FGM affects 200 million girls and women globally and can lead to a host of serious medical problems, according to the World Health Organization.

It can cause long-lasting mental and physical health problems including chronic infections, menstrual problems, infertility, pregnancy and childbirth complications. In some cases, girls can bleed to death or die from infections.

In many communities, girls are married soon after cutting, stifling their progress in education, health and employment.

School closures caused by the pandemic could lead to an extra two million girls being cut in the next decade, the UNFPA has estimated, hampering global efforts to stamp out the practice by 2030.

In Somalia, where the vaginal opening is also often sewn up – a practice called infibulation – charities have reported a surge in cases as circumcisers offer door-to-door services for girls stuck at home due to COVID-19 restrictions.

Campaigners said legislation banning FGM would boost their fight to end the practice.

Hailing it as a “great milestone”, the UNFPA’s head in Somalia, Anders Thomsen, said the bill would “have a ripple effect in the campaign to end FGM in Puntland” if approved.

“This means girls will be safe from the brutal cut,” he added in a statement.

Somali anti-FGM campaigner Maymun Mahad said she still remembered undergoing the “very painful” practice.

“As a young woman, I welcome the move by the cabinet,” she said.

Reporting by Mohammed Omer; Writing by Nita Bhalla @nitabhalla; Editing by Helen Popper.

Somali PM appoints team of seven to support his office in preparations for elections

Somali PM appoints team of seven to support his office in preparations for electionslinkedin sharing button

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Source: Hiiraan Online, Wednesday June 9, 2021

MOGADISHU (HOL) – A team of seven individuals will help Prime Minister Mohamed Roble in leading the preparations and conduct of elections set to happen in less than two months from now.


The office of the Prime Minister announced Wednesday the appointment of the Elections Support Team which will be tasked with overseeing various aspects of the election such as elections, gender, outreach and legal issues among others.

The team will be headed by Abdulkadir Elmi Ali who will act as the chief coordinator of the support team.

Omar Mohamed Abdulle who chaired the 2016 Federal Indirect Elections Team (FIET) has been appointed as senior elections and legal advisor to the team.

Fadumo Ali will be in charge of finance and operations while Mohamed Mohamed Roble  handles capacity building and training. Liban Rabila Good has been assigned the security aspect.

Others are Laila Abdirahman Mohamed (gender and inclusivity) and Abdullahi Hashi Hassan (civil society and engagement assignment).

The appointment of the team adds to a series of events in the lead up to the August 2021 elections.

The OPM last week removed 33 individuals from a list of 67 flagged by the opposition for removal from the federal and state level elections committees for unsuitability.

Somaliland Police increase their public order expertise with EU and UN support

Somaliland Police increase their public order expertise with EU and UN supportlinkedin sharing button

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Source Hiiraan Online, Source: Wednesday June 9, 2021

In May officers from the Somaliland Police completed two EU and UN supported courses, on maintaining public order and safety during the election campaign as well as other public events.


The courses were a five-day training of trainers, and a convoy and close protection security training to safeguard visiting officials.

The courses were led by the Somaliland Police and the Somaliland Ministry of Interior, with support from the European Union Capacity Building Mission (EUCAP), UNSOM, and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), with funding from the European Union and Sweden through the UN Joint Rule of Law Programme.

Training of police trainers in public safety

Fifty Somaliland police officers, including ten women, took part in the training of trainers course, which was held in the Police Academy in Hargeisa in early May.

The officers were selected from each region in Somaliland, and the training aimed to equip them with the skills to train and pass on the knowledge to police colleagues in their districts and regions, on how to maintain public safety on polling day and other wider events.

The Somaliland Police Commissioner, Brigadier General Mahamed Adan Saqadhi (Dabagale), said the course was key for police officers to understand their roles and responsibilities in this area.

“You have chosen to be trainers, and you have the responsibility to pass the knowledge you receive to the other six thousand to seven thousand officers in Somaliland,” he said.

EUCAP police advisors in Hargeisa worked alongside UN experts on the development of the curriculum, which included information on Somaliland’s Police Act and Electoral Law, how police function in a democracy, conflict resolution, human rights, and on how to work with the media. The course also included practical exercises, and as part of  EU support to election security, EUCAP advisors delivered a module on the role of civilian security forces during electoral processes.

Ole Toger Rasmussen, EUCAP police advisor, said EUCAP’s support aimed to demonstrate the wide spectrum of roles and responsibilities of police and other security forces during key events.

“EUCAP was honoured to support this course, and to pass on knowledge on how security forces operate and coordinate with each other, and other stakeholders, to guarantee public order, as well as human rights during the process,” he said.

Protection of visiting officials as part of peace and security

To support Somaliland police in ensuring the safety of visiting officials, EUCAP and UNSOM also delivered a two-day course on close protection security.  The course included convoy training and practical security procedures for police officers, such as motorcade composition, coordination, response actions, and command and control functions.

Josef Wiklund, UN police advisor in Hargeisa, said the training of trainers and close protection training was important to enhance the Somaliland Police’s professional skills. “Police play a crucial role in protecting democracy and upholding civil society. These trainings have increased the ability of Somaliland police officers to train others in this area. We look forward to continuing our partnership with them, in the context of the UN Joint Rule of Law Project,” Mr Wiklund said.

European missions laud Somaliland elections, call for more women representation

European missions laud Somaliland elections, call for more women representationlinkedin sharing button

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Source: Hiiraan Online, Tuesday June 8, 2021

The European Union and other non EU countries with presence in Somalia have applauded the just concluded elections in Somaliland terming them a strong commitment democracy.

The 27 member bloc, UK, Norway and Switzerland commended the people of Somaliland, political parties and government institutions them the electoral commission for the successful conduct of the elections on May 31.

“Through these elections, the people of Somaliland have demonstrated a strong commitment to the electoral process, to political participation and to strengthening democracy,” the statement read in part.

They noted in particular the elections of youth and candidates from minority groups as a key step towards inclusive governance.
The partners, the statement added however expressed regrets over failure to elect women. All the 82 seats in the Lower House of Parliament went to men despite the participation of 13 women candidates in the race.

“We recognise the significant achievements of female candidates during this electoral process, but deeply regret that this has not translated to more women in elected office resulting in decreased women political representation.”

Among those elected to Parliament is Barkad Batuun from a minority clan. Batuun got slightly over 20,000 votes unrivaled in terms of votes by any candidate in the parliamentary race.

Ethiopia: Investigative Report on Ethnic Killings at Mai Kadra

Ethiopia: Investigative Report on Ethnic Killings at Mai Kadra

 Source: Reuters published on 7 June 2021 a lengthy investigative report titled “How Ethnic Killings Exploded from an Ethiopian Town” by Katharine Houreld, Michael Georgy, and Silvia Aloisi.  

This is an account of the ethnic violence that took place in mid-November 2020 at and around Mai Kadra in western Tigray Region.  The authors conclude there were two rounds of ethnic killings.  The first round was carried out by ethnic Tigrayans against Amhara who were living in Mai Kadra.  The second round constituted revenge killings of Tigrayans by Amhara.

Labels: Abiy AhmedAmharaAmhara militiaatrocitiesENDFEritreaEthiopialandMai KadrarefugeesSudanTigray RegionTigrayansTPLFwar crimes

Saturday, June 5, 2021

Chinese built Ethiopia-Djibouti railway earns 29 mln USD in nine months period

Chinese built Ethiopia-Djibouti railway earns 29 mln USD in nine months periodlinkedin sharing button

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Source: Xinhuanet, Sunday June 6, 2021

The Chinese-built 752.7 km Ethiopia-Djibouti railway earned 29 million U.S. dollars in a nine-month period, the Ethiopia-Djibouti Standard Gauge Railway Share Company (EDR) disclosed on Friday.

In a statement, EDR said 29 million U.S. dollars was earned from 1.35 million tons of cargo and 15,480 passengers that were transported in the first nine months of the current Ethiopian Fiscal Year (EFY) 2020/2021, which started on July 8.
The Ethiopia-Djibouti railway which connects landlocked Ethiopia to Djibouti port has in recent months robustly resumed operations that had previously been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.

In May, EDR graduated 34 Ethiopian train drivers who underwent a series of training in Ethiopia and China.

UAE Financial Intelligence Unit signs MoUs with Bangladesh Somalia

UAE Financial Intelligence Unit signs MoUs with Bangladesh Somalialinkedin sharing button

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Source:, Monday June 7, 2021

Regulators to exchange knowledge on financial crimes 

The UAE Central Bank. The Financial Intelligence Unit of the United Arab Emirates has signed MoU with its counterparts in Bangladesh and Somalia to combat financial crimes. Image Credit: Gulf News Archives

Abu Dhabi: The Financial Intelligence Unit of the United Arab Emirates (UAE FIU) has signed two separate Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) with the Bangladesh Financial Intelligence Unit (BFIU) and the Financial Reporting Center (FRC) of the Federal Republic of Somalia to exchange financial information and expertise, as well as collaborate with relevant authorities and stakeholders to combat financial crimes.Ads By GoogleThe UAE FIU has signed separate agreements with the FRC of Somalia and the BFIU in accordance with the UAE’s overarching objective of combatting money laundering and financing of terrorism, underpinned by mutually beneficial intelligence exchanges with international counterparts.

The MoUs were signed by Ali Faisal Ba’Alawi, Head of the UAE FIU, with Amina Ali, Director of the FRC of Somalia, and Abu Hena Mohammad Razee Hassan, Head of the BFIU, representing their respective jurisdictions.

Commenting on the agreement, Mr. Ali Faisal, Head of the Financial Intelligence Unit for the UAE, said:

“Our undertaking of these agreements with the FRC of Somalia and the Bangladesh FIU further reinstate our efforts to facilitate a robust exchange of knowledge and expertise in the areas of anti-money laundering and combating financing of terrorism, alongside leading international intelligence units,” said Ba’Alawi.

Somalia in good terms with Djibouti despite IGAD report- Foreign Minister

Somalia in good terms with Djibouti despite IGAD report- Foreign Ministerlinkedin sharing button

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Source: Hiiraan Online, Wednesday June 2, 2021

MOGADISHU (HOL) – Somali government has rejected claims Wednesday it had fallen out with Djibouti following the February report which exonerated Kenya of violation of Somalia’s territorial integrity.
Ads By GoogleForeign Affairs Minister Abdirizak Mohamed said Somalia still maintains good relations with Djibouti but said it had registered its protests over the February report.

“For Djibouti, we are two brotherly countries and we are all Somalis, so there is nothing wrong with our diplomatic relations,” said Mohamed. “Somalia attended the inauguration of President Ismail Omar Guelleh.”

Somalia had in February accused Djibouti of colluding with Kenya in writing the IGAD report which cleared Kenya of any wrongdoing.

Djibouti president Omar Guelleh, the current chair of IGAD appointed the team which conducted the fact-finding mission and subsequently did the report.

Prime Minister Mohamed Roble attended the inauguration of Guelleh last month two days after President Mohamed Farmaajo attended the inauguration of his Ugandan counterpart Yoweri Museveni.

Somaliland vote highlights peace in breakaway Somali region

Somaliland vote highlights peace in breakaway Somali regionlinkedin sharing button

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Monday May 31, 2021

KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) — The people of Somaliland are voting Monday in parliamentary and local elections, highlighting progress in the semi-autonomous region of Somalia that over the years has avoided the destructive violence plaguing other parts of the Horn of Africa country.

More than 1 million of Somaliland’s 4 million people are registered voters. The region has invited international observers for the elections, including political figures from elsewhere in Africa.

Somaliland broke away from Somalia in 1991 as the country collapsed into warlord-led conflict. Despite lacking international recognition, Somaliland has maintained its own independent government, currency and security system.

John Githongo, an anti-corruption campaigner from Kenya who is in the Somaliland capital, Hargeisa, as an observer, in a Twitter post described the region as “the one Somalia with a bottom up democracy that seems to organically work.”Ads By GoogleGreg Mills, director of a South Africa-based group that is observing the polls, said in a statement that the semi-autonomous region “represents an example of an African country which is committed to democracy and development and deserves the support of every African who wants to see progress on this continent.”

Somalia considers Somaliland as part of its territory. Several rounds of talks over possible unification have failed to reach a breakthrough and the region continues to assert its right to independence.

Somaliland’s relative stability over the years has sharpened the sense of failure in Somalia, where deadly attacks by Islamic extremists are frequently reported. Elections due there in February failed to take place because of the lack of agreement on how the vote should be carried out.

Talks between Somalia’s federal government and regional leaders that began in March broke down in early April, precipitating a political crisis that deepened when the lower house of parliament adopted a special law extending the terms of current office holders for two years and abandoned an agreement last year.

The decision sparked widespread opposition, leading to the mobilization of militias, exposing divisions within Somali security forces, and resulting in violent clashes on April 25.

Following the clashes, President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed earlier this month asked the lower house of parliament to reverse its actions that included extending his mandate for two years.

Somalia announced last week that federal authorities had reached an agreement with regional leaders to hold indirect elections within 60 days.

Somaliland leaders urge peace as thousands line up to vote

Somaliland leaders urge peace as thousands line up to votelinkedin sharing button

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Source: Hiiraan Online, Monday May 31, 2021

HARGEISA (HOL) – Thousands of voters in Somaliland headed to the ballot Monday morning to elect MPs and local government representatives as leaders called for peace.
Ads By GoogleQueues build up in various regions of the breakaway territory amid enthusiasm as international media turned focus to Somaliland.

Earlier, president Muse Bihi and Waddani party leader Abdirahman Irro expressed optimist noting today’s vote was a vindication of growing democracy and peace.

“Vote peacefully; these are two important electoral processes, all eyes are on us, please execute your rights in good manner,” Bihi said while addressing journalists at Labour House alongside Irro.

On his part, the Waddani leader was enthusiastic about the exercise.

“I am pleased today that I voted for the two separate candidates I have chosen from the candidates vying for house of representatives and councilor,” Irro said.

The opposition and the government have presented a united front in ensuring the exercise goes on successfully as the breakaway region seeks international recognition.

Voting is taking place in 2709 polling stations spread in 23 districts.

Polling stations will be closing Monday evening to pave way for counting.

Ethiopia: Assessment of Upcoming Election

Ethiopia: Assessment of Upcoming Election

 Source: The International Republican Institute and National Democratic Institute published on 13 May 2021 a document titled “IRI-NDI Virtual Pre-Election Assessment Delegation for the 2021 Ethiopian Elections.”

The document was written when the date for the Ethiopian election was 5 June 2021, a date that has moved to 21 June.  IRI and NDI concluded that the electoral environment presents acute challenges.  Nevertheless, there is an opportunity for the elections to be a positive step and to potentially serve as the foundation for more credible processes in the future.  

Possible Additional US Sanctions on Ethiopia and Eritrea

Possible Additional US Sanctions on Ethiopia and Eritrea

 Source: Reuters published on 27 May 2021 an article titled “US Warns of Further Action against Ethiopia, Eritrea over Tigray” by Daphne Psaledakis and Patricia Zengerle.

The US acting assistant secretary of state for African affairs testified before the US Senate that the United States is looking at a range of other sanctions on Ethiopia and Eritrea if those stoking conflict in Ethiopia fail to reverse course.  He added while ethnic conflict in Tigray is the worst in Ethiopia, there are also attacks on ethnic Amhara, Gumuz and Oromo.  

Labels: AmharaatrocitiesEritreaEritrean Defense ForcesEthiopiaethnic conflictGumuzhuman rightsOromoTigray RegionTPLFUS

Egyptian president visits Djibouti, builds case on Nile dam

Egyptian president visits Djibouti, builds case on Nile damlinkedin sharing button

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Source: AA, Friday May 28, 2021
By Mohammed Dhaysane

Al-Sisi, Djiboutian counterpart discuss bilateral, regional issues

MOGADISHU, Somalia – Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi Thursday arrived in the Djiboutian capital on a state visit to the tiny strategic Horn of African nation.

Al-Sisi met his newly-reelected Djiboutian counterpart, Ismail Omar Guelleh, and discussed bilateral and regional issues, including the Ethiopian renaissance dam on the Nile.Ads By Google“I stressed Egypt’s rejection of any attempt to impose a fait accompli through unilateral measures that disregard the interests and rights of the two downstream countries,” Sisi said during a news conference in Djibouti.

Egypt and Djibouti would intensify cooperation on matters related to the security of the Red Sea.

According to Djiboutian local media Ismail Omar Guelleh, who was recently elected as president for a fifth term, expressed keenness on having Egyptian private investments in his country.

Analysts believe the Egyptian president’s visit to Djibouti is significant given the current political situation in the Horn of Africa region.

Rashid Abdi, an analyst, told Anadolu Agency over the phone that Cairo is developing strategic and diplomatic ties in the Horn of Africa and East Africa region to build a new alliance.

“Sisi’s visit to Djibouti, which borders Ethiopia, is significant in view of the renaissance dam crisis. Cairo signed a defense pact with Kenya yesterday and it also established a good relationship with its immediate neighbor Sudan and now Djibouti,” Abdi said.

Djibouti, bordering Somalia in the south and the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden in the east, is a small country located in the Horn of Africa.

Somalia to head to the ballot in 60 days-new agreement

Somalia to head to the ballot in 60 days-new agreementfacebook sharing button messenger sharing button

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Source: Hiiraan Online, Thursday May 27, 2021

MOGADISHU (HOL)  – Somalia will head to elections in 60 days, a new deal signed by the country’s leadership Wednesday has revealed bringing to an end several months of negotiations and bitter exchanges between the Federal Government, sections of the Federal Member States and the opposition.
Ads By GoogleAccording to the agreement, both levels of governments will coordinate on the electoral process and prepare the country for elections in 60 days from now meaning Somalis will be electing new leaders in August.

The Federal Indirect Elections Team (FIET) and its regional level counterparts will prepare elections calendar, the agreement reads in part. Some of the other issues dealt with in the new agreement include security and administration of Gedo region.

A committee drawing membership from all the federal member states except Jubbaland will be constituted and tasked with nominating a commissioner and deputy for Gerbaharey district within 30 days and submit the names to Jubbaland president Ahmed Madobe for appointment.

The agreement also provides a solution to the FIET composition which had been contested by the opposition. It provides that contested names shall be submitted to the Prime Minister who will in turn transmit to the Federal Member States for replacement.

Security of the elections will be the responsibility of Somali Police Force and AMISOM and will be headed by the Prime Minister. A nine-member committee led by the Prime Minister will draw membership from Somali Police Force and AMISOM.

Lastly on the issue of Somaliland, Prime Minister Mohamed Roble shall be responsible for the elections of Somaliland representatives ‘on the recommendation of the Speaker of the Upper House and the Deputy Prime Minister.

Senate speaker Abdi Hashi shall nominate 4 members to the Somaliland Electoral Team SEIT}, one member to the Federal Electoral Commission of Somaliland {FEIT} and one member to the Dispute Resolution Committee, the agreement reads.