Latest News Regarding
Horn of Africa
Source: Wednesday August 14, 2019
Somalia – Somaliland relations have gained traction on social media with the current buzz centering around a photo.
Top cabinet ministers of Somalia including the Foreign Affairs and Finance Ministers met and took a photo with a Somaliland delegation – led by its president Muse Bihi – in Saudi Arabia’s city of Mina.
The respective delegations were in Saudi in connection with the 2019 edition of the annual Hajj pilgrimage.For some people, the meeting was a good sign given ever rising tensions between Mogadishu and Hargeisa. Others slammed the Somaliland leaders who have in the past arrested citizens for taking photos with Somalia officials.
Others even posited that the photo was just that, a photo, and that noting will change in the rift between the two. Somaliland is a semi-autonomous part of Somalia.
The latest rift between the two came up when Mogadishu severed diplomatic relations with Guinea for according the Somaliland leader courtesies of a Head of State during an “official” visit
East African Business Week
Source: East African Business Week, Friday August 9, 2019
By Odindo Ayieko
Saudi Arabia will soon start issuing visas on Somaliland passports.
This is a departure from the Kingdom’s previously long held position of issuing visas on Somali passports holders and not Somaliland passports.
The issuance of the visas to Somalilanders starts with those who will be heading for pilgrimage in Mecca this month.
Already, the president of Somaliland Muse Bihi is in Saudi Arabia on an official invitation from King Salman Bin Abdul Aziz. The two leaders are expected to hold talks on how the two countries can cement their trade relations.Saudi Arabia will also recognize Somaliland diplomatic passports.
There are reports that the Saudi King sent the Somaliland delegation a private, royal jet to collect them from Hargeisa’s Egal International Airport direct to the Kingdom.
This is the first time a Somaliland president is receiving official invitation from Saudi leadership.
This comes just two months after the Somaliland president met Saudi envoy Amb Mohamed Khayat in Hargeisa where the two discussed how Saudi Arabia would assist Somaliland in the areas of the economy, investment, lifting the ban on Somaliland livestock export to KSA and ways to enhance the bilateral ties between two countries.
President Bihi has been courting Saudi for some time and expressing his country’s close ties with the kingdom.
“Firstly we are neighbors of Saudi Arabia. Second, our exports go to Saudi Arabia, third in Saudi Arabia there are two holy mosques that we have to visit, so consider all these reasons for us to be aligned with Saudi Arabia,”Bihi said in a previous interview.
Somaliland exports livestock to the Middle East, notably Saudi Arabia with the highest exports going during the Hajj period.
Sudan: Role of Foreign Powers
The author concludes that foreign powers should recognize that their attempts to promote a stable future in Sudan could instead help tip the country into civil war.
Sudan Needs Women at the Negotiating Table
Sudanese women played a major role in the pro-democracy movement that set Sudan on a possible path to a democratic transition. The authors argue that women should now be included in the negotiating process.
Source: Daily Mail, Saturday August 10, 2019
By DANYAL HUSSAIN
Mogadishu Mayor Abdirahman Omar Osman, at an event in Mogadishu, Somalia, was killed a week after the suicide bombing on July 24
The al Qaeda-linked Islamist militant group Al Shabaab, which aims to topple Somalia’s UN-backed government, claimed responsibility for the July 24 attack in Somali capital Mogadishu.
Mayor Abdirahman Omar Osman, who had also previously served as a Labour Party councillor in London, died of his wounds a week after the attack.
He died in a hospital in Qatar.Somalia’s Security Minister said in a statement: ‘Preliminary findings show a female who worked in the local government blew herself up herself with the help of another female, who also worked at the local government.’
It was al Shabaab’s first known use of a disabled person as a suicide bomber and the statement suggested the bomber had used her blindness to get past security and reach the mayor’s offices.
The whereabouts of the blind woman’s co-worker is not known.
A month before the bombing, the two women took leaves of absence from work, the ministry statement said, and visited an area of Somalia controlled by al Shabaab.
‘The female bomber was disabled (blind). She misused the opportunity and acted with enmity against the bosses and the people she worked with,’ the ministry statement said.
Mayor Osman fled as a refugee to Britain after civil war erupted in Somalia in 1991, earned a master’s degree, became a naturalised citizen and worked in the housing department in the London borough of Ealing.
He subsequently returned to Somalia to help rebuild his war-torn homeland in the Horn of Africa.
Source: Reuters, Saturday August 10, 2019
NAIROBI (Reuters) – Ethiopia’s ruling coalition said on Friday it will hold a national election next year, defying worries over security and displacement in the Horn of Africa country that had led some to speculate the election might be postponed.
The executive committee did not give a date for the poll. “The executive committee have decided the election to be conducted next year,” committee member Getachew Reda said.
An attempted coup in June by a rogue militia in the northern Amhara region had raised doubts over the ruling party’s ability to ensure security, while an increase in ethnic violence across the country made some query whether the election would be held.But opposition parties are keen to avoid any delays despite outbreaks of ethnic violence that have contributed to the displacement of 2.4 million Ethiopians.
Ethiopia is Africa’s second most populous nation.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has rolled out a series of political reforms since coming to power last year, including unbanning many political parties, releasing political prisoners and journalists and welcoming home exiled rebel groups.
But tensions within the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), which has ruled with an iron grip since 1991, have risen following the failed coup.
By LABAN WANAMBISI
Source: CAPITALNEWS, Wednesday August 7, 2019
Commander Kenya Army Lieutenant General Walter Koipaton during a recent visit to KDF troops under the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM)/KDF
NAIROBI – Kenya could send the military to the disputed maritime border with Somalia if a motion tabled in the National Assembly is approved by members.The motion, tabled by National Assembly Majority Leader Aden Duale and Minority boss John Mbadi, seeks to compel the government to “explore other lawful and constitutional mechanisms for protecting the territory of the Republic of Kenya, including deploying the Kenya Defence Forces (KDF) to the subject boundary to undertake the responsibility of protecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic as contemplated under Article 241 (3) of the Constitution).
Based on the mover of the motion, it was clear on the backing it has from the Executive Authority.
“Duale is in Parliament to represent the interests of the ruling party and the government itself,” one MP told Capital FM, “so when you see him bring in a motion, just know that is a government agenda and therefore it is clear it is the president seeking Parliament’s authority to deploy the military. There is no doubt about that.”
In giving notice of the motion, Duale urged the MPs to approve it when it comes up for debate as that the KDF can perform its responsibility provided under the Constitution.
Aden Bare Duale is the Majority Leader of the National Assembly of Kenya
Article 241 (3) of the Constitution among other matters states that the Kenya Defence Forces is responsible for the defence and protection of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic and may be deployed to restore peace in any part of Kenya affected by unrest or instability only with the approval of the National Assembly.
“The House resolves as a first and most preferred option, engages the Federal Government of Somalia to resolve the boundary dispute for the benefit of both countries and the region, through diplomacy and dispute resolution mechanisms available under African Union (AU), Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) and East African Community (EAC),” reads the Motion in part.The development comes after Somalia sued Kenya at the ICJ, seeking to re-draw the maritime boundary from the current eastwards flow from the land border south of Kiunga, to a diagonal flow. If the court agrees with Somalia, Kenya could lose up to 100,000km2 of sea thought to contain huge amounts of hydrocarbons.
The hearing of the maritime dispute between Kenya and Somalia will start on September 9 at the International Court of Justice in the Netherlands, and there is already a petition pending at the High Court seeking to stop the government from taking part in the proceedings at ICJ.
In the Motion, Duale and Mbadi want the Government to be compelled to uphold Kenya’s territorial boundaries unless Kenyans decide otherwise through a referendum.
“This House resolves that the Government upholds and protects the boundaries of the territory of Kenya, unless the People of Kenya resolves by way of referendum, to alter the territory of Kenya as contemplated under Article 255(1)(b) of the Constitution as read together with section, 3(3) of the Treaty Making and Ratification Act, (No. 45 of 2012),” Duale stated as he gave notice of the Motion.
If the House adopts the Motion, the Government will be compelled to express to the United Nations, it’s protest against the assertion of jurisdiction by the International Court of Justice over the maritime boundary conflict between the Federal Republic of Somalia and the Republic of Kenya, noting Kenya’s express reservation to jurisdiction made in 1965 and the provisions of Kenya’s Maritime Zones Act to delimit the maritime boundary through agreement as envisaged by United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)..
Nairobi also accused Somalia of continuing to market oil stocks to investors even though the area is still contested. It accused Mogadishu of using illegal maps that encroached on the Kenyan side.
Mogadishu denies encroaching on Kenya’s territory, in what led to recall of Kenya’s envoy earlier this year. Somalia’s envoy was also sent back for consultations before they restored back to their stations even though no permanent solution had been found.
Saudi Arabia deposits $250 million in Sudan central bank
Source: Reuters, 6 August 2019
DUBAI (Reuters) – Saudi Arabia has deposited $250 million into the central bank of Sudan to support its financial position, the Saudi Finance Ministry said in a statement on Tuesday.
The deposit is part of a package with the United Arab Emirates worth $500 million announced in April. Both countries pledged an overall $3 billion in aid, with the rest going toward fuel, wheat and medicine.
The deposit is not a grant to Sudan but rather a loan, a Saudi finance ministry official told Reuters later.
It is aimed at alleviating pressure on the Sudanese pound and achieving stability in its exchange rate, the ministry said.
In April, mass protests led the Sudanese army to topple longtime President Omar al Bashir. But Sudan’s economy is still haunted by Bashir’s legacy – the penalties imposed for his support of militant groups and for the offensive he launched to crush rebels in the western region of Darfur.
Since Sudan is still listed by the United States as a state sponsor of terrorism and has $1.3 billion of IMF arrears, it is unable to tap the International Monetary Fund and World Bank for support. Sudanese banks have struggled to re-establish correspondent relationships with foreign banks.
Reporting by Dahlia Nehme and Marwa Rashad; Editing by Edmund Blair and Alison Williams/Mark Heinrich
Source: XINHUANET, Tuesday August 6, 2019
U.S. Under Secretary for Political Affairs David Hale with Somali PM Hassan Ali Khaire
MOGADISHU (Xinhua) — Somalia and the United States have agreed to intensify security operations to flush out al-Shabab militants in the Horn of Africa nation.U.S. Under Secretary for Political Affairs David Hale, who met with Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire in Mogadishu on Monday, also resolved to prepare Somali forces to take over from the African Union mission to Somalia.
“They agreed on the value of security operations to liberate areas from al-Shabab and preparing Somali forces to take over from the African Union Mission to Somalia,” the U.S. said in a statement issued after the meeting on Monday night.
On his part, Khaire briefed the U.S. official on recent political and security developments and Somalia’s progress towards meeting the conditions for debt relief that would allow Somalia to resume borrowing from international financial institutions.Washington and other international partner forces have intensified incursions into territory formerly controlled by al-Shabab after driving the insurgents out of Mogadishu in 2011.
Since 2017, the U.S. military has stepped up air raids against al-Shabab which is trying to overthrow the internationally-backed Somali government.
Al-Shabab controls large parts of rural southern and central Somalia and continues to carry out high-profile attacks in Mogadishu and elsewhere
Sudan military and protesters reach full agreement on transitional government after months of negotiation
Sudan‘s military council and the main opposition coalition have reached an agreement to usher in a new period of transitional government, the African Union mediator for Sudan said on Saturday.
The document, which outlines the powers and the relationships between the branches of the transitional government, comes after weeks of protracted negotiations brokered by the African Union and neighbouring Ethiopia amid sporadic bouts of violence in the capital Khartoum and other cities.
As news of the agreement emerged, people began gathering on Nile Street, a main avenue in Khartoum, honking car horns and ululating in celebration.
“We’re victorious!” some people chanted while others sang the national anthem.
The main opposition coalition, the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC), welcomed the agreement as a “first step with more to follow” and pledged to complete the journey to “freedom, peace and justice” in Sudan.
AU mediator Mohamed Hassan Lebatt told a news conference in the early hours that representatives from both sides – civilian pro-democracy groups and the military – will continue talks on Saturday over the technical details of the accord.
Legal and technical teams still need to establish a timeline for the declaration to come into effect and for the transitional government to be appointed.
Once the transitional government starts work, Sudan embarks on a three-year transition period expected to lead to elections.
Sudan’s stability is crucial for the security of a volatile region stretching from the Horn of Africa to Libya that is riven by conflict and power struggles.
Two key points of contention had been the role of Sudan’s General Intelligence Service and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), the country’s most powerful paramilitary group.
According to a draft of the declaration seen by Reuters, the intelligence service will report to the cabinet and the sovereign council, the body that will rule the country in the transitional period, while the RSF will fall under the general command of the armed forces.
Nine members of the RSF have been dismissed and detained in connection with the killing of protesters, including four schoolchildren, this week.
The sides had previously agreed that the sovereign council will be comprised of 11 members – five officers selected by the military council, five civilians chosen by the FFC coalition and another civilian to be agreed upon by both sides. Its first leader will be from the military.
When the sovereign council is formed, the current ruling body, a transitional military council headed by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and his deputy, RSF commander General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, will be dissolved.
A priority for the transitional government during its first six months in power will be working towards peace with a number of armed groups active in the southern and western regions of the country, Satea al-Hajj, an FFC negotiator, said on Saturday.
Three of those armed groups are members of the FFC under the umbrella of the Revolutionary Front.
Source: TheEastAfrican, Sunday August 4, 2019
Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has kicked off a diplomatic charm offensive in Africa, Europe and the Middle East as the dispute with Somalia over maritime resources continues to weigh heavily on his government.
The time is running out and Kenya’s options are dwindling as the International Court of Justice at The Hague prepares to start hearings on September 19 on the Indian Ocean maritime border case filed by Somalia in 2014.
The dispute has simmered over time, with Somalia accusing Kenya of encroaching on its 100,000-square-kilometre territory with oil and gas deposits.
Before the case was filed, bilateral negotiations had dragged on for six years without much success.
While Kenya insists that the marine boundary be determined by a parallel line of latitude to the East – as per the standards set by the colonial powers, which were adopted in the marine borders between Kenya and Tanzania, Tanzania and Mozambique and Mozambique and South Africa — Somalia wants it redrawn to a diagonal, an extension of the land border.
Nairobi has been pushing Somalia to withdraw the case, but Mogadishu has been adamant, preferring to wait for determination at the ICJ.
With this stance, Kenya early this year sought mediation, drawing in the reformist Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to lead the effort.
The talks were initiated – Mr Abiy and the Somalia leader Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo met with Kenyatta in Nairobi in March – but the effort soon collapsed.
One of the explanations is that President Farmaajo, who is seeking re-election next year, dare not withdraw the case, as it would be seen as giving in to “outside forces” to relinquish what they considers Somalia resources—a sign of weakness. President Farmaajo has since avoided Kenya, even its airspace.
Meanwhile, there is little hope in that Mogadishu will consider a bilateral or regional resolution effort; this leaves Kenya with a few options, one of which is a diplomatic charm offensive in Africa and beyond to convince peers that a decision that affirms Somalia’s claim will have security, diplomatic and economic reverberations.
Nairobi has assembled a team of international lobbyists to reach out to oil and gas investors, who are said to be keen on the outcome of the matter at the ICJ.
According to insiders, Kenya believes that oil and gas companies are fuelling the dispute, with some already taking strategic positions to join the race for exploration soon after the matter is dispensed with by the court.
Politically, Kenya is reaching out to international allies to get the much-needed support “to protect its territory,” regardless of the outcome of the case at the ICJ.
Already, the Arab League has sent a warning to Kenya, telling it to stop interfering in Somali waters, but insiders say the visits President Kenyatta has been making to Middle Eastern countries are not mere courtesy calls.
On a recent tour of China, the president is said to have camped for a few days in the Gulf seeking the ears of powerful figures over the matter.
The strategy, according sources, is to consolidate the African voice, which will be key in making collective decisions at the African Union and United Nations once the court has delivered its verdict.
But some advisers have also said Kenya could just withdraw from the ICJ proceedings, a recommendation that is not proving popular.
These options were discussed at a recent symposium in Nairobi organised by the HORN Institute for Strategic Studies.
The consensus, however, was to maintain the diplomatic charm offensive and also forward Kenya’s concerns to the United Nations Security Council and the General Assembly.
Roselyne Omondi, associate director at the HORN Institute, said it is prudent for Kenya to move ahead of the ICJ hearing.
“Kenya may have made a few wrong decisions since the dispute arose, but it remains one of Somalia’s most reliable security, trade and development partners,” said Ms Omondi, adding that there was still a chance for a solution out of court.False start
Having suffered a defeat during the preliminary proceedings while attempting to show that the court does not have jurisdiction over the matter, after a false start trying to settle the issue through a memorandum in 2009, experts say that Kenya has no alternative but to pursue subtle dispute resolution mechanisms.
Monica Juma, Kenya’s Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs, who has been running a covert campaign for support, says that Nairobi has not exhausted all mechanisms for resolving disputes of this kind. She has refused to be drawn into the details of the plan.
But Foreign Affairs Permanent Secretary Kamau Macharia said Kenya and Somalia must co-exist and jointly manage resources in the Indian Ocean.
“Ultimately, if Somalia is to enjoy its blue economy resources—oil, gas, marine, fisheries etc—a long its maritime boundary with Kenya, it will have to do so in cooperation with Kenya,” Mr Macharia said in an interview with Sunday Nation.
As Kenya seeks this resolution hoping for the best, it is also preparing for the worst. So it has kicked off a campaign for support for a seat in the UN Security Council as a non-permanent member. The UNSC is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions on member states.
All member states are obligated to comply with its decisions. Kenya hopes that its membership, which would be the third since the body was formed, will help with conflict resolution in the event of a falling out after the ICJ verdict.
If Nairobi loses the case, experts say it will be landlocked, complicating its security and business arrangements. It will need the support of the UNSC and the General Assembly.
Several African countries have committed to supporting Kenya’s bid at the 74th session of the UN General Assembly in September.
Apart from the EAC partner states and neighbours in East Africa, the Mozambican, Zambian, Namibian and Botswana leaders have all promised to throw their weight behind Nairobi.
President Kenyatta is visiting Jamaica this coming week and is expected to seek its support as well.
Africa is entitled to three non-permanent seats in the 15-member UNSC. Kenya is vying for the seat for the East African sub-region, which consists of 11 or more countries, including the six EAC members.
Harold Acemah, a Ugandan diplomat, who has worked at the UN, told The EastAfrican that the membership of the Security Council is prestigious and provides a country a place at the high table of the United Nations. If elected, the country will for two years rub shoulders with the world’s high and mighty.
But Mr Acemah said there is no advantage Kenya will enjoy in the dispute with Somalia.
“Unless the dispute seriously threatens regional and international peace, the Security Council cannot force Kenya and Somalia to negotiate. That is a role for the EAC and AU, which I assume and hope they are already playing. The option is for Kenya and Somalia to request the UN Secretary General to mediate,” said Mr Acemah.
But still, Kenya is seeking the support of the European Union, the US and the other permanent members of the UNSC—France, China, Russia and UK.
Diplomatic sources say that while China, Russia and UK are Somalia-leaning, together with the Gulf States, Kenya has received a positive response from France and the US. Norway, whose companies are also angling for the resources, is reportedly “open for consultation.”
While the ICJ decision is final, the court has no mechanism for enforcement and requires the affected countries to still sit down and chart the way forward.
This was the case with resource disputes between China and Philippines and Nigeria and Cameroon. In the case of Nigeria and Cameroon in the dispute over the Bakassi Peninsula, which was awarded to Cameroon in October 2002, the UN secretary-general had to call a meeting of the two countries’ leaders in Geneva where they were persuaded to establish a commission chaired by the special envoy to implement the decision.
Surv Bashir Shettima, a former director of the National Boundary Commission of Nigeria, said implementation of these matters takes along time and, in the case of Nigeria and Cameroon, they had to establish a sub commission on demarcation supported by a technical team.
Source: OPO, Sunday August 4, 2019
The meetings reaffirmed the two Countries’ interest in further reinforcing cooperation between Djibouti and Italy.
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Emanuela Del Re, went on a joint diplomatic mission to Djibouti with the Minister of Defence, Elisabetta Trenta, to attend several significant initiatives promoted at the Italian Military Support Base (BMIS) “Amedeo Guillet”, concomitantly to the call in the port of Djibouti of the frigate “Marceglia”, which participates in the EU Atalanta Mission to combat piracy in the Gulf of Aden and in the Indian Ocean.
During their visit, the two Government officials had fruitful meetings with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mahmoud Ali Youssouf, and the Minister of Defence, Hassan Omar Mohamed Bourhan.
The meetings reaffirmed the two Countries’ interest in further reinforcing cooperation between Djibouti and Italy.
To this end, the ministers expressed the wish to soon sign the Framework Agreement on Defence Cooperation and the Technical Agreement on the permanence of military personnel.
Moreover, the meeting also examined Italy’s proposal, launched by Deputy Foreign Minister Del Re, to set up an Italian-Djiboutian Military and Civilian Personnel Training Centre of Excellence for the Countries of the Horn of Africa, focused on issues such as security and the management of migration flows.
“Italy believes in a holistic cooperation development strategy, in which security plays a key role,” said Deputy Foreign Minister Del Re, emphasising the role that the will-be Centre – born of a joint initiative between the MAECI and the Ministry of Defence – could have in promoting ever-closer synergies between security and development policies.
As part of the CMIC (Military and Civilian Cooperation) initiatives promoted by the Italian Military Base, the two Government officials also took part in the ribbon-cutting ceremony of “Parco Roma”, which was built in the city of Djibouti.
The Deputy Foreign Minister also attended the closing ceremony of the first year of the training course for Djibouti’s Coast Guard organised at the Djibouti Base by the Italian Navy’s San Marco Marine Brigade.
Source: IMF, Fredag 2 augusti 2019
Förbättrat förtroende på grund av det fortsatta genomförandet av reformer och starkt givarstöd fortsätter att stödja ekonomisk aktivitet, särskilt inom telekom, handel, byggande och finanssektorer. Dålig nederbörd under våren väger emellertid utsikterna och hotar livsmedelssäkerheten.
BNP-tillväxten beräknas till 2,8 procent 2018 efter 1,4 procent 2017. Om normalt regn återupptas senare i år kan BNP-tillväxten förbli stort sett oförändrad på cirka 2,9 procent 2019. Inflationen förväntas vara 3,0 procent 2019, efter 3,2 procent 2018 .
Den federala regeringen i Somalias (FGS) fortsatta ansträngningar för att bredda skattebasen och stärka skatteförvaltningen har återspeglats i ökade inhemska intäkter (nästan 30 procent högre än 2017). Detta har stött en liten expansion i utgifterna för hälsa och utbildning.Utgifterna domineras emellertid fortfarande av utgifter för löner och andra driftskostnader, särskilt på säkerhetsrelaterade utgifter, med lite utrymme för kritiska sociala och utvecklingsprogram.
Trots starkare tillväxt och den förbättrade finanspositionen förblir inkomsterna per capita mycket låga och fler resurser behövs för att uppnå större ekonomisk motståndskraft och minska fattigdomen. Med skuld på ohållbara nivåer (cirka 4,7 miljarder dollar eller 100 procent av BNP 2018, varav 96 procent är i efterskott), kommer Somalia att behöva det fortsatta stödet från det internationella samfundet för att hjälpa till med att tillgodose efterfrågan på humanitär och utvecklingsbehov.
Somalias fjärde SMP (maj 2019 – juli 2020) kommer att stödja myndigheternas fortsatta reforminsatser och lägga grunden för större självförsörjning och högre och mer inkluderande tillväxt. Programmet kommer att utvidga och fördjupa åtgärderna för att bygga finanspolitisk hållbarhet, över hela FGS och de federala medlemsstaterna, ytterligare förbättra den finansiella stabiliteten, ta itu med återstående anti-penningtvätt och bekämpa finansieringen av terrorism (AML / CFT) klyftor och stärka styrningen och kampen mot korruption.
Source: BBC, Thursday August 1, 2019
Mogadishu mayor, Abdirahman Omar Osman has died in Doha, the capital city of Qatar, according to Farhan Jimale, a senior journalist at BBC News.
He was in Qatar for medical treatment of his injuries he sustained from an attack last week. The mayor was seriously injured in a suicide bombing attack at his office last week on July 24.
The attack also wounded nine of his staff members while six of his colleagues were reported to be dead.
The Al Qaeda-linked terrorist group Al-Shabaab claimed the responsibility of the attack, claiming that they intended to target newly-appointed United Nations envoy James Swan who met the Mayor of Mogadishu at his office earlier that day.
Washignton’s Sudanese Diaspora Promotes Civilian Rule
The article describes the activities of the Sudanese diaspora’s efforts to advocate for the return of civilian rule in Sudan.
Sudan’s Uncertain Transition
The report suggests that Sudan could end up as the latest example of the Arab spring or become a failed transition that leads to civil war or state collapse.
Source: IOM, Wednesday July 31, 2019
IOM Hargeisa completed a six-day ‘Training of Trainers’ as well as a three-day follow-up training on ‘Start and Improve Your Business Idea’. The training programme is developed by the International Labour Organization (ILO).
Thanks to the training, 12 migrant returnees, IOM Staff, government stakeholders and implementing partners in Somaliland are now better equipped to generate and implement business ideas to start small business in emerging economies.
Khalif, one of the participants, said: “The training allowed me to acquire practical skills such as create a business plan, understand financial planning and how to link beneficiaries with financial institutions.”
During the follow-up training completed on 24 July, participants qualified to become trainers for a group of 33 migrants newly-returned from Libya.
The training was done as part of the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration in the Horn of Africa. Since its inception, 288 migrants to Hargeisa and surrounding areas in Somaliland have received individually-tailored packages granted in kind as well as effective counselling and provision of accurate information. Self-sufficiency is the priority by supporting the set-up of small business and the re-entry of the migrant returnees into the local labour market.
The EU-IOM Joint Initiative facilitates orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration management. The project, funded by the EU, covers 26 African countries.
Source: theSTAR, Kenya, Thursday August 1, 2019
Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo has renounced his United States citizenship.
President Farmajo renounced his US citizenship despite the Somalia Constitution allowing for dual citizenship.
It is reported that legal experts, nationalities and citizenship authorities from Somalia and US were involved in the process.